Australia, formally the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country and sovereign state in the southern hemisphere, located in Oceania. Its capital city is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. Australia is the sixth biggest country in the world by land area, and is part of the Oceanic and Australasian regions. Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and other islands on the Australian tectonic plate are together called Australasia, which is one of the world’s great ecozones. When other Pacific islands are included with Australasia, it is called Oceania. 25 million people live in Australia, and about 80% of them live on the east coast.
The country is divided up into six states and two territories, and more than half of it’s population lives in and around the cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
Australia is known for its mining(coal, iron, gold, diamonds and crystals), its production of wool, and as the world’s largest producer of bauxite. Its emblem is a flower called the Golden Wattle.